The sperm count of a male plays a vital role in his ability to impregnate a woman. A Low Sperm Count is a very common cause of infertility in couples. A good sperm count is anywhere between 40 to 300 million sperms per ml of semen. Most men have a variable sperm count in day to day life, but it remains within a limited range. If a sperm count is lower than 15 million, it is considered a low sperm count for pregnancy to occur. It does not necessarily prevent pregnancy from occurring, and a lot can be done to improve the chances of pregnancy.
A low sperm count is also called Oligospermia, Oligozoospermia. Although it is a major cause of male infertility, men with a low sperm count are still able to produce sperms, and the sperms are also found in the ejaculate. The overall quality of the sperm is considered for pregnancy and not just the sperm count, the sperm motility and sperm morphology must also be considered. The most a=obvious low sperm count signs is a man's inability to impregnate his partner. If sperm is not motile, it won’t be able to reach the egg, and if it has an abnormal morphology, it wouldn’t be able to penetrate the egg and therefore not only just sperm count, but also sperm morphology and motility matters in helping women conceive pregnancy. There are no such foods to increase male infertility, however a healthy lifestyle can help maintain fertility.
Some men with oligospermia can achieve a natural pregnancy with their partner, although fertilisation may be difficult and may take some time. It may take more attempts than couples who do not have a fertility issue. As there is a low sperm count in the ejaculate, the chances for the sperm to ascend in the female reproductive tract and reach the fallopian tubes are lower, and hence are less likely to be able to fertilise the egg and let the women get pregnant naturally.
can achieve a natural pregnancy with their partner, although fertilisation may be difficult and may take some time. It may take more attempts than couples who do not have a fertility issue. As there is a low sperm count in the ejaculate, the chances for the sperm to ascend in the female reproductive tract and reach the fallopian tubes are lower, and hence are less likely to be able to fertilise the egg and let the women get pregnant naturally.
A man with a low sperm count can achieve a natural pregnancy with his partner despite lower sperm numbers, and there might be no need to visit an infertility clinic. Low sperm count though decreases the chance of conceiving naturally, but it doesn’t rule it out completely. Low sperm count and pregnancy are usually the two different poles; however, getting pregnant with low sperm count depends on the severity of the case. As the above table shows, natural pregnancy may be possible for men suffering from mild to moderate oligospermia, but it might take some time to impregnate the female, provided the sperm motility is not altered. But natural pregnancy is nil or very poor with severe oligospermia, cryptozoospermia, and in another case where nil sperm count is seen that is azoospermia. In such cases, assisted reproductive technology is a helpful procedure in achieving pregnancy. But before resorting to assisted reproductive technology, a doctor might suggest some tips for getting pregnant with low sperm count.
Low sperm count pregnancy can be successful in assisted reproductive technology. If the underlying cause of the male partner’s semen containing low sperm count can’t be treated naturally or with medication, assisted reproductive technology can be helpful. ART treatment options include getting sperm by either natural ejaculation, clinical extraction or sperm from a donor. Based on an individual’s situation, the doctor would suggest what could be the best treatment available.
It takes just one active sperm to fertilise a woman’s egg. On average, each time a man with normal sperm count ejaculates, he releases nearly 100 million sperms. To meet the waiting egg, many sperms must travel from the vagina to the fallopian tube, and it is a tough journey which only a few sperms can survive.
A minimum count of 15 million and more sperms per ml of semen is considered fine for a pregnancy to occur. If the sperm shape and motility is fine, it wouldn’t be a problem in achieving pregnancy.
The most common question asked today is, can a woman with low, or zero sperm count get a woman pregnant? Natural pregnancy is not possible with so less sperm count, and it is a case of severe oligospermia. A man with 1 or 2 million sperm counts per millilitre of semen may need assisted reproductive technology to impregnate a female, and he may be a candidate for ICSI-IVF.