ICSI Process | Find the Step By Step Process Of ICSI Treatment

STEP 1 : Fertility Consultation

The fertility consultation at Medicover includes a discussion with the fertility specialist, followed by a thorough medical examination. An embryologist will explain them the options available to address issues related to sperm. 

STEP 2 : Stimulation

The female partner needs to visit on day two or three of her menstrual cycle, when hormonal investigations are done along with an ultrasound. The ovaries are stimulated with medication to promote the growth of follicles containing the eggs; this process can last for eight to 12 days. The response of the ovaries (quantity and quality of follicles recruited) is monitored through ultrasounds and blood investigations at regular intervals. 

STEP 3 : Egg Collection

After eight to 12 days of taking the medicine, an injection (trigger) is administered to assist with the final maturation of the egg and loosening of the egg from the follicular wall. The patient must visit the clinic for the egg retrieval process, which will be performed 34-36 hours after the trigger administration. Egg retrieval is performed with ultrasound guidance under mild sedation to make it painless. 

STEP 4 : Sperm Collection

On the day of egg collection, the male partner provides a fresh semen sample, which is analysed and processed by an embryologist in the ART lab. In this procedure, sperm processing (post ejaculation) is different. If required, sperm can be extracted from a testicle or epididymis in a separate procedure.

STEP 5 : Embryo Transfer

After evaluation in the laboratory, the finest embryos are selected for transfer and depending upon their quality a preferable day is decided for embryo transfer. 

STEP 6 : After Transfer

Supportive medicines are prescribed after the embryo transfer that help the embryo to implant in the uterus. After the stipulated period, pregnancy tests are conducted to confirm pregnancy.

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Process for ICSI Treatment

Before undergoing ICSI treatment, a couple must first undergo a series of tests and evaluations to determine the cause of their infertility. The woman must undergo an ultrasound to examine her ovaries and uterus, and the man must undergo a semen analysis to evaluate the quantity and quality of his sperm. Once the couple has been evaluated, the fertility specialist will design a treatment plan and schedule the ICSI treatment.

The ICSI Treatment Process

ICSI treatment is a complex procedure that involves several steps. The process typically takes three to four weeks and involves the following steps:

  1. Fertility Consultation:
    First Our Fertility Expert will examine you and then explain the whole process of ICSI Treatment to the couple. 
  2. Ovarian Stimulation:
    The woman will take fertility drugs to stimulate the ovaries and produce multiple eggs.
  3. Egg Collection:
    Once the eggs are mature, the fertility specialist will retrieve them from the woman's ovaries using a needle guided by ultrasound.
  4. Sperm Collection:
    The man will provide a semen sample, which is then processed in the lab to isolate the best quality sperm.
  5. Embryo Transfer:
    Fertilization: Using a tiny glass pipette, a single sperm is injected directly into an egg.
    Embryo Culture: The fertilized eggs are then placed in a special culture medium to allow them to grow and develop.

    After three to five days of growth, one or two of the healthiest embryos are transferred into the woman's uterus using a thin catheter.
     
  6. After Transfer care and Follow-Up:
    After the embryo transfer, the woman will undergo a series of blood tests and ultrasounds to monitor the progress of the pregnancy. It is essential to avoid strenuous activities and maintain a healthy lifestyle during this time to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy. If the pregnancy test is positive, the woman will continue to receive medical care and support throughout her pregnancy.
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Conclusion

ICSI treatment is a complex and involved process that requires specialized medical care and attention. With proper preparation and follow-up care, couples can increase their chances of success and achieve their dream of having a child. It is essential to consult with a fertility specialist to understand the ICSI treatment process and to receive the care and support needed to navigate the challenges of infertility. With the right care and attention, couples can overcome infertility and create the family they desire.

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