IVF with the eggs of the female partner and sperm of the male partner
It Includes giving a woman medication, to stimulate healthy egg development. Generally, in an ovulatory month, we ovulate only one egg, but the goal of IVF is to stimulate the production of 10-15 eggs, to help couples increase their chances of conception.
This step of IVF Treatment Involves the harvesting of eggs. The egg retrieval process occurs under general anaesthesia in the IVF suite of the Medicover Fertility Clinics. A specialised suction mechanism is advanced into the ovaries, for the egg collection. Once the egg retrieval is completed, the embryologist looks them under a microscope to identify the number of eggs.
In this step, fertilisation of eggs and sperm are done. Once the eggs are retrieved, the mature eggs are placed in an incubator and are fertilized with sperm within a few hours. There are two ways to fertilize an egg, Conventional insemination where the sperm is placed in the dish containing egg, to allow them to fertilize on their own; or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) in which one sperm is injected into the cytoplasm of the egg using a needle.
It involves the observation of embryos by embryologists until it reaches the blastocyst stage. Once the sperm fertilises the egg, it becomes an embryo. The embryologist then puts the embryo into a special incubator, where the embryo is provided with proper condition to develop and grow. Proper monitoring of the embryo is done for 5-6 days, till the blastocyst stage.
The final step is Embryo Transfer. Once the embryo develops to the blastocyst stage, it is transferred into the uterus using a small tube called Catheter. It is usually done within 3-5 days of the fertilisation process. Once the embryo is transferred to the uterus, it is allowed to implant, and a blood test is carried on after two weeks to measure the hormone HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin). HCG in the blood usually means a positive pregnancy.