Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a procedure in which processed sperm are directly placed into the female partner’s uterus at the time of ovulation. The duration of the whole process is quite brief and it is almost entirely painless. It can be performed with the male partner’s sperm as well as a donor’s sperm.
Intrauterine insemination is the very first line of treatment, a relatively economical option, and does not entail much pain. Couples can opt for intrauterine insemination in the following cases:
Both the male and female partners undergo a medical examination by IVF specialist and followed by diagnosis and a preconception check-up. They also meet with the embryologist. The semen of the male partner is tested and analyzed for different parameters, including the quality, quantity movement, and shape of sperm.
The female partner takes small doses of fertility drugs. Thereafter, a specialist monitors the development of the follicles in the ovary using ultrasound. Based on the growth of the follicles, the patient is administered an hCG injection (trigger) for ovulation.
On the day of insemination, the male partner is asked to provide a sperm sample. Then it is processed and the healthiest sperm among them is selected.
Insemination is a simple process. Processed sperm along with the nutritive media is injected in the uterus, which reduces the distance the sperm have to travel. The procedure may be repeated for consecutive days to increase the chances of success.
After the insemination procedure, the specialist may prescribe medicines to enhance the chances of pregnancy. The specialist also gives the specified period of time during which pregnancy tests are conducted to determine if the female partner is pregnant.