Infertility is now becoming common among women around the world. There are numerous causes of female infertility that hinders natural conception. The most common cause of infertility among women today is ovulation disorders. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is caused due to cysts in the ovaries, which hampers ovulation. Many girls are diagnosed with PCOS in the teenage years itself. Irregular periods or lack of periods is the most prevalent sign of an ovulation disorder.
Other causes of female infertility are cervical stenosis or a problem with the cervical mucus, which is not sperm-friendly. Unfriendly cervical mucus can encumber the sperm movement or even end up killing the sperm.
Blocked fallopian tubes or any kind of damage to the fallopian tubes, including scarring or tissue damage can also affect female fertility. Fallopian tube damage is a form of permanent infertility, and the only option in such a case is assisted reproductive technique.
Fertility due to uterus problems usually stems from an abnormally shaped uterus. The abnormal uterus is a very rare condition, and hardly 1 per cent of infertile women may have a uterus that is T shaped or heart shape. A woman with an abnormally shaped uterus may be able to conceive but will not be able to carry her pregnancy to term due to uterus limitations. Very often, women with abnormally shaped uterus suffer a miscarriage whenever they do conceive.
When the uterus lining begins to grow outside the uterus, this condition is called Endometriosis. It is one of the causes of infertility related to the uterus. A woman with endometriosis may have infertility. Any problem with the uterus lining such as scarring or inflammation can disturb the embryo and disrupt implantation, thereby preventing pregnancy.
Many women suffer from fibroids and polyps in the uterus. Occasionally it may hamper implantation, but usually, women with fibroids or polyps have been able to conceive and have a successful pregnancy culminating in a healthy baby. Polyps are non-cancerous tumours that grow out of the uterine lining.
Doctors usually suggest that women who have fibroids or polyps should have these growths removed from the uterus before planning a baby. Surgical removal of polyps and fibroids is usually performed to improve the chances of getting pregnant and eliminating the possibility of a miscarriage.
Most uterus problems cause infertility or prevent women from having a successful pregnancy. Though uterus problems are a very rare condition if a woman does happen to suffer from an abnormally shaped uterus or endometriosis the logical solution suggested by doctors is to opt for a surrogate mother.
Many couples are apprehensive about the connection between the baby and the surrogate mother and the bonding that may form. However, it is important to understand that there is no genetic connection between the surrogate mother and the child. This is a legal agreement where the surrogate mother has to hand over the child to the biological parents as soon as it is born. The surrogate mother has no legal claim over the surrogate child.
Surrogacy is now a common phenomenon in India, and it is not difficult to find a surrogate mother. The egg and sperm of the biological parent are fertilised in the lab, and the embryo is transferred to the uterus of the surrogate mother. This is an In Vitro Treatment procedure and entails collecting mature eggs from the female partners and sperms from the male partner. The fertilisation is performed in the laboratory under the skilled expertise of a qualified embryologist.
Another option for a couple where the female partner suffers from an infertile uterus is adoption. CARA is a centralised adoption agency in India, enabling childless couples to adopt children who need a loving home.
It is worthwhile discussing with your fertility consultant the various options available to you based on your specific condition. Since your doctor has studied your medical condition, he or she can advise you better.