Ovarian Cyst Effect on Fertility, Ovarian Cysts and Fertility

Some women who have undergone a health check-up may find that they have ovarian cysts. Their first concern is whether ovarian cyst can affect fertility. Since infertility is now becoming a common problem, many young women are very concerned about their reproductive health and ability to conceive.

Ovarian cyst rarely affects fertility

Usually, an ovarian cyst does not affect a woman ability to conceive. These cysts, in most cases, are just small sacs full of fluid which cause no harm. They generally do not affect the working of the ovary and its ability to ovulate mature, healthy eggs that are ready to be fertilised.

Types of cysts

A woman’s eggs are encased in follicles. When they mature these follicles burst, and the mature egg is released. At times these follicles do not burst when ovulation happens, and instead, it fills up with fluid. They are called functional cysts, and they tend to disappear on their own over a period of time. They usually cause no problem to the normal functioning of the ovary and fertility.

When a functional cyst gets very large, you should seek medical assistance as this could cause you problems. If a functional cyst gets twisted or starts to bleed or turn into a hemorrhagic cyst, a woman will feel abdominal pain. It is advisable to seek medical attention in such a condition.

Cystadenomas is a condition when there is a growth inside the ovary which stems from the surface. This condition does not affect a woman’s fertility but will need to be medically treated.

Dermoid cysts are not filled with fluid but are solid and contain tissue instead. However, there is no need for alarm as dermoid cysts do not cause infertility in any way.

So if your medical diagnosis states that you have ovarian cysts, you do not need to be concerned about it affecting your fertility. There are very few types of cysts that you need to worry about that can affect your fertility.

What can truly affect your fertility is if the doctor decided to remove your ovary because of a cyst. However, if your other ovary is healthy, it will continue to ovulate and keep you fertile.

Endometriomas is a condition where the endometrium, which is the uterus lining, grows on the outside of the uterus. This condition can be very painful and result in a number of complications as well as infertility. If the endometrium covers the ovaries, it is called endometriomas. It prevents the ovary from producing fertile eggs.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the main causes of infertility in young women in our society. In PCOS, a woman will have a number of small cysts on her ovaries. The symptoms include irregular periods and high levels of particular hormones. PCOS may largely reduce the chances of a woman to conceive naturally without medical intervention.

Most cysts that women get are non-threatening and vanish by themselves without causing any discomfort or harm. Occasionally a cyst may interfere with ovulation, but in most instances, an ovarian cyst does not affect fertility.

Treatment of cysts

Sometimes a doctor may advise the treatment of cysts, especially if you are considering starting a family. Generally, doctors use a laparoscopy procedure to remove the cyst without disturbing the ovary. Usually, surgery is not recommended unless the

  • Ovarian growths (masses) are present in both ovaries.
  • An ovarian cyst is large
  • An ovarian cyst that is being watched does not get smaller or go away in 2 to 3 months.
  • An ultrasound exam suggests that a cyst is not a simple functional cyst.

If you are unable to conceive, you should also consider the fact that there could be other factors that are hindering your fertility rather than the non-harmful ovarian cysts. A Fertility consultant can help you out with a professional diagnosis.