Medical Conditions that Affect Female Fertility

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID):

The upper reproductive system of a woman which comprises of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries are infected in this type of medical condition. PID is usually caused by sexually transmitted disease, but it may also happen from complications after dilatation, childbirth, abortion or even from an Intrauterine Device (IUD). One wave of PID risks 15% infertility while two or more occurrences increase the percentage to 50% and more.


If the lining of the uterus develops outside the cavity of the uterus, it creates a scar making it difficult for the fallopian tubes to pick and push an egg into the uterus. Even if there are no scars, endometriosis may cause pelvic inflammation, which makes the uterine cavity a less welcoming place for a fertilized egg to be implanted. Doctors prescribe medicines which are helpful in suppressing the discomfort that happens because of this, but they don’t improve the fertility. In some conditions, the endometriosis can be removed through a surgical operation and the fertility of the women increases.

Diethylstilbestrol or D

Diethylstilbestrol is a drug that is used to avoid miscarriages. Men and women who are exposed to it could have problems with their fertility. The women face problems in their reproductive system and usually have abnormal fallopian tubes or unusually shaped vagina or uterus. These abnormalities lead to ovulation problem, risk of miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy and premature delivery.


Sometimes cell tissue of uterine forms a bunch which is known as fibroids. The reason for the formation of fibroid is not known, but they affect the fertility of women if they grow inside the uterine cavity. Fibroids alter the size and shape of the uterus. Fibroids grow in groups, and they can be operated, thereby increasing the fertility in women.

Hormonal Imbalance:

Several diseases could cause the hormonal balance to go haywire and what is most affected in women is – fertility. Thyroid is one such disease that disrupts the hormonal balance. The body releases too much estrogen and cortisol that interferes with ovulation. The hormones fail to transmit chemical signals on time because of which there are delays in ovulation, or they may even fail to happen.

Medical conditions can come in the way of conceiving, but this isn’t the end of your dream of motherhood. Medical science has hundreds of ways which can help women in conceiving. There are many ways through which infertility can be treated, and all that is needed is a good doctor and a reputed IVF Centre for your treatment.