IUI vs IVF | Fertility Issues and the Treatment Differences

People are often confused about IUI vs IVF treatments. IUI and IVF are both fertility treatments that are used to help patients who are suffering from infertility. The main difference between IVF and IUI is that IUI (Intrauterine Insemination) is a procedure in which sperm is injected inside the uterus to implant, whereas IVF (In-Vitro Fertilization) is the procedure in which the fertilization takes place outside the body and the then formed embryo is transferred back to the uterus to implant.

Family planning is a part of life, and every couple gets down to it sooner or later. Unfortunately, male and female fertility has seen a steady decline and is no longer what it used to be. Young couples are finding it difficult to conceive even after several years of trying. There is a sudden spurt of factors that appear to be affecting the fertility factor and curbing conception. We might take it as a consequence of the changing trends in the way people live. Or we can also attribute it to the reducing concern for health and wellbeing. Exercise and physical activity are no longer a general part of life. Exercise and workout are something that needs to be planned and given a slot in the daily schedule. As much as one would like to avoid physically exerting themselves, a certain amount of activity is necessary for the physical wellbeing of the human body. One can try and ignore the precepts and make plausible excuses, but the truth is that in the long run, you are the one that is affected by it. Today youth are glued to the television and video games rather than going out and playing outdoors. It is no wonder that this generation is growing up with all kinds of health ailments, including diabetes.

The Decline of Fertility

Fertility is associated with the act of procreation. Fertility treatment is a medical treatment to help couples to conceive and have a baby through medical intervention. It is generally recommended to women and men who are diagnosed as infertile after conducting various medical tests.

Both men and women should maintain a healthy lifestyle from a young age. Young girls and boys aping the west and imbibing the promiscuous western culture, quite often end up facing the consequences of their actions. STD (sexually transmitted disease), UTI (Urinary tract infection) and other infections can wreak havoc and have a negative impact on the reproductive system. It can cause permanent damage and harm to the health of men and women as well.

The Need for Fertility Treatment

When a couple is not able to get pregnant after having unprotected sex regularly for a period of at least one year, they are advised to have several medical tests. These tests can help determine male and female fertility. Many couples do not realise they are infertile until a year or two has gone by.

Generally, in an Indian marriage, the couple does not use protection but do not plan a baby either. They just go with the flow and let nature have its way. After a year or two, when there is no sign of pregnancy, the elders in the family may begin hinting at the couple that they should plan a baby. This is when the pressure starts building up slowly. Some couples are more conscientious and immediately realise that they should get professional help. Some couples are less aware of fertility, and the problems that could be associated with it, and hence continue to try for a natural pregnancy.

The urban Indian population, where both partners are working tend to plan parenthood. Many couples prefer to enjoy the first few years of their married life before having a baby. By the time they get around to deciding it is time to have a baby, both partners are in their mid-thirties.

When a couple is not able to get pregnant, they turn to doctors to help them deal with this problem and give them a solution. Fertility treatment has come a long way in the last few decades. Revolutionary treatments like artificial insemination and test-tube baby have been a great boon to the infertile couples. Medicover Fertility has been instrumental in bringing European standards of fertility to India and helping many childless couples fulfil their dream of a baby.

Popular Fertility Treatments

There are several types of fertility treatments. After assessing the test results, the doctor will recommend the most suitable fertility treatment for the couple. Fertility treatment is advised based on the cause of the problem, which is preventing the couple from having a baby. There are various different health problems which could be obstructing pregnancy.

Some fertility treatments are more popular than others. The popularity of treatment is associated with how successful it. When treatment is able to give the desired results, it becomes popular. Doctors recommend it, and hospitals promote it. Speciality clinics focus on providing that specific treatment, which is popularly demanded. The most popular fertility treatments are Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI) and In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a new technique which is now gaining popularity.

When is IUI Recommended?

Male infertility is now quite common. 40% of the couples who face problems with not being able to conceive naturally have a male infertility issue. The most common male infertility problem is low sperm count. Men with a sperm count below 15 million are recommended fertility treatment as their chances of natural conception are very bleak.

Intra-Uterine Insemination is the most popular treatment recommended for couples suffering fromlow sperm count. This procedure involves taking a semen sample from the male partner and processing it. Ultrasound monitoring is done, and when the egg is ready (>= 18mm size), intrauterine instillation of the washed semen sample is done. These washed sperm travel all the way to the fallopian tube to meet the female oocytes when it is released by the ovary. IUI treatment is suitable for cases of low sperm count of the male partner. It is also recommended for cases of unexplained infertility. When a couple have undergone all the fertility tests and the doctors are not able to find any problem with them, they are referred to as a case of unexplained fertility. These couples are recommended IUI fertility treatment to improve their chances of getting pregnant.

Intra-Uterine Insemination is also recommended for women with PCOD (Polycystic ovarian disease) and with mild endometriosis. In a woman with PCOD drugs are given to make the egg and when the egg is ready, washed male sperm are injected in the uterus. IUI is also recommended in a woman who has hostile cervical mucus. In this case, natural fertilisation is not possible as the cervical mucus kills all the sperm as soon as it comes in contact with it. It does not allow any sperm to travel through the reproductive tract to find the female egg. Undergoing the IUI procedure, the semen is placed in the uterus and hence bypasses the hostile cervical mucus.

Benefits of IUI

There are many benefits to IUI treatment. The success rate of IUI is, however, not one of its strong points. On the contrary, sometimes the IUI treatment requires the couple to go through a number of IUI cycles before they get pregnant. Despite this slight delay, there are many benefits due to which couples prefer to have IUI treatment over any other treatment.

The greatest benefit of IUI treatment is its cost. Even though the IUI treatment does not have a very high success rate couples still prefer this treatment as it is easily affordable. The low cost of the treatment makes it possible for them to have multiple IUI cycles without it pinching their pocket.

Some other benefits of the IUI treatment are reflected in the fact that it is a quick treatment. The IUI procedure takes about 5 minutes to perform. The whole procedure, including the semen preparation, is about 15 minutes long. A couple can have IUI treatment and then go about the rest of their day as usual. Besides being quick, it is also painless and minimally invasive. The IUI is performed trans-vaginally and does not require any surgery or incisions to be made.

IUI treatment is a simple procedure and does not require any fancy equipment or infrastructure. The IUI procedure can even be carried out in the doctor’s consultation room and does not require an operating theatre. Many gynaecologists recommend IUI treatment to couples as they can also perform this treatment in their office without the need for any specialised infrastructure.

When is IVF Recommended?

Couples with female infertility or severe male infertility are recommended IVF treatment. Women may have a variety of problems due to which they are unable to conceive. The problems could range from ovulation disorders, hormonal problems, cysts in the ovaries, endometriosis, blocked fallopian tube and others. For these kinds of problems, there is no alternative choice but to have In Vitro Fertilisation. Male diagnosed with infertility problems such as azoospermia or poor-quality sperm are recommended IVF treatment to have a baby.

IVF is the most successful fertility treatment and has gained global popularity over all other fertility treatments. This is due to the ability of IVF to help patients with all types of fertility problems to have a baby.

Benefits of IVF

IVF has become a very popular fertility treatment because of its high success rate. IVF has proved to be the preferred treatment for infertility as it works where other treatments have been unsuccessful. Besides increasing the chances of conception, it also decreases the probability of a miscarriage.

Advanced fertility techniques used along with IVF helps to ensure that you have a healthy baby. Techniques such as PGD (pre-implantation genetic diagnosis) help ensure that your baby will not suffer from any hereditary genetic conditions. Other tests conducted on the embryo can help to avert diseases caused due to genetic factors. PGS (pre-implantation genetic screening) can help avert conditions caused due to chromosomal abnormalities. PGS also help in selecting euploid embryos and thus reduce the chances of miscarriage. Euploid embryo has the normal 46 number of chromosomes that is an exact multiple of a single set of the normal 23 unpaired chromosomes.

IVF has also made it possible for couples to use donor sperm, donor egg and even donor embryo. Some women have a problem with their uterus because of which they are not able to hold a pregnancy. Some women do not have a uterus due to cancer, or some other problem can consider having a surrogate baby. With IVF, you can have a biological baby through a surrogate mother.

Many couples like to plan their parenthood. IVF makes it possible for couples to decide when they want to have a baby. Couple take comfort in the fact that if they are not able to conceive naturally, they can have IVF treatment.

Some couples who are getting on in years have the option of preserving their fertility by freezing their eggs and sperm or even embryos. They can use this to have a baby at a later stage in life to suit their convenience. IVF treatment has made fertility preservation possible. Fertility preservation is also done for cancer patients.


Both IUI and IVF are the most commonly used fertility treatment options for couples who are unable to conceive. While taking into consideration the Insemination vs IVF treatment options, it is difficult to fix the options to patients before going through their history and infertility needs. The process of IUI, which is Intrauterine Insemination, is usually done to treat mild male infertility issues. It is the process in which the washed sperms are injected inside the uterus to improve the chances of fertilisation of sperm and eggs to implant on the endometrium.

On the other hand, IVF, which is In-Vitro Fertilization, is a treatment in which the fertilisation takes place in-vitro that means outside the body. It is the process in which the washed sperms and eggs are fertilised in an IVF lab and the then formed embryo is transferred back to the woman’s uterus to implant.

The basic difference between IVF and IUI is that IUI is basically done in cases of mild male infertility issues and is cost-effective, whereas IVF is done to treat both mild or severe male and female infertility issues and is also comparatively costly. The IUI or IVF treatment is prescribed to patients based on their type of infertility and requirements varying from person to person.

ICSI Treatment

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is recommended in severe cases of male infertility. Poor quality sperm due to low sperm motility and poor sperm morphology are common causes of infertility among men. In several cases of poor sperm morphology, the sperm is not able to penetrate the outer shell of the oocyte, thereby resulting in failure of egg fertilisation. The abnormal shape of the sperm head prevents fertilisation. ICSI is a technique in which one healthy and robust sperm is selected and injected into the oocyte to assist fertilisation. ICSI has improved the rate of oocyte fertilisation to 80%.

When Should You Have ICSI?

Men with very low sperm count or poor-quality sperm have a better chance of having a baby with ICSI procedure. In cases where fertilisation of the egg is not able to take place through IVF, then ICSI procedure improves the chances. For couples who have had fertilisation failure with IVF, doctors recommend ICSI treatment for them. Men suffering from azoospermia, whether obstructive or non-obstructive are recommended ICSI treatment.


The ICSI vs IUI treatment or the major point of difference between ICSI and IUI treatment is that IUI can only help treat mild male infertility issues, whereas ICSI which is an advanced step in the IVF treatment. It can help men with even severe infertility issues to impregnate his women. ICSI also known as Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is an advanced process of IVF treatment. It is the process in which the process of fertilisation is carried out by injecting one best sperm inside the cytoplasm of the egg.

Fertility Treatment at Medicover Fertility

Medicover Fertility is a world-class fertility clinic and rated among the best in India. It offers a wide range of fertility treatments. The type of treatment is determined based on the cause of infertility. The stringent measure is taken to ensure that the exact cause is determined, thereby ensuring the best treatment possible.

Medicover has a team of highly qualified doctors who are internationally certified and experienced. The clinic has a fully equipped high-tech laboratory which is capable of performing an intricate procedure using state of the art facilities.

For fertility consultation and treatment, consult Medicover Fertility at +917862800700.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is IVF More Effective Than IUI?

IUI and IVF are different treatments and recommended in different situations. IVF is an intensive treatment and more effective for a wide variety of infertility conditions.

What are the Chances of Getting Pregnant with IUI?

A couple may have to try IUI several times before they are successfully pregnant. The success rate is 70% by the third IUI cycle.

Is ICSI Different from IVF?

ICSI is very similar to IVF. The ICSI vs IVF difference is the way in which the fertilisation of the female egg takes place. In IVF, the eggs and sperm are mixed together in a dish, and sperm fertilises the egg naturally. In ICSI a single sperm is injected inside the egg to attain fertilisation.