Female Infertility and IVF

Infertility has grown to be a serious problem today, affecting young generations to a great extent. About 27.5 million couples in India are unable to conceive due to it. Out of the total infertile population, 30% accounts for female infertility, 30% due to male infertility, 20% in both cases and the rest 20% is unidentified. It is said that a new life begins from the moment a woman conceives pregnancy. Her inability to conceive constitutes infertility. But the right female infertility treatment after proper diagnosis can help a woman conceive pregnancy and bear her baby.
Causes of Female Infertility
Causes of Female Infertility

 

What is infertility in females?

Infertility is a condition of the reproductive system that prevents the conception of Pregnancy. It is the inability of a couple to conceive, after a year of regular unprotected intercourse. It affects a large number of people today.

Infertility in Female is the incapability of a woman to conceive pregnancy due to some factors like ovulation disorders, endometriosis, tubal blockage, etc.

What are the female infertility symptoms?

One of the prominent female Infertility symptoms is her inability to conceive. Apart from this, the only symptom is an irregular menstrual cycle, which is either too long (>35 days) or too short (< 21 days), or no menstrual cycle. These symptoms can be an indication of Female Infertility. 

What are the female infertility causes?

There are several reasons for a woman having trouble conceiving. Some common female infertility causes are:

  1. Ovulation Disorders: One of the leading causes of female infertility is ovulation problem. Approximately 15% of the Infertile women struggle with ovulation disorders. This condition prevents the release of eggs, making it impossible for the couples to conceive.
  2. Endocrine Disorders: Our endocrine system consists of several glands that produce hormones. These hormones affect the overall growth and development of our body. The endocrine disorder is a result of the malfunctioning of these hormones leading to Infertility.
  3. Tubal Blockage: It is one of the possible causes of Female Infertility. Fallopian tubes play an important role in conception because they are where most eggs are fertilized. Blocked Fallopian Tubes or abnormalities in it prevents fertilisation and thus affects a woman’s ability to conceive.
  4. Endometriosis: About one-third of women with endometriosis struggle with Infertility. It is a condition in which the endometrial lining grows outside the uterus, causing damage to pelvic organs and hence affects a woman’s ability to conceive.
  5. Age: Discussing female fertility age, women are most Fertile in their 20’s, and after 35 their fertility starts declining, both in terms of egg quality and quantity.
  6. Stress: According to a recent study, a woman with high-stress levels, faces difficulty conceiving. It also leads to an imbalance in the hormone, that prevents normal ovulatory cycle.
  7. Hormonal Imbalances: The irregularities in thyroid hormone or PCOS, due to Hormonal Imbalances are amongst the leading cause of Infertility in Women. These imbalances decrease the regularity of ovulation and prevent a woman conceive.
  8. Lifestyle Factors: Various lifestyle factors affect fertility in women. Being overweight or underweight is a consequence of an unhealthy lifestyle, that affects a woman’s menstruation cycle and causes infertility.
  9. Some Disorders: There are a number of diseases that reduces a Woman’s Fertility. Some such disorders are Uterine Fibroids, polyps, Autoimmune Disorders, Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases or some infections like tubal infections etc.
  10. Cervical Factor: Several uterine or cervical causes impacts female fertility by interfering with the implantation or increasing the likelihood of a miscarriage. Sometimes the cervix can’t produce the mucus required by the sperm to enter the uterus, which in turn prevents the conception of pregnancy.

How is female infertility diagnosed?

The evaluation of infertile women involves a careful history, physical examination and laboratory tests. A thorough and systematic investigation is of paramount importance to establish a diagnosis and generate a treatment plan. Some of the fertility tests to diagnose Infertility in Women include:

  1. Ovulation Tests: It is a test that detects the presence and concentration of Luteinizing Hormone (LH) in your urine to document whether you’re ovulating or not. Inability to ovulate might be a sign of infertility.
  2. Ultrasound: It is an important step to diagnose female infertility by the demonstration of follicular structure, pelvic organs, cyclic endometrial changes etc.
  3. Hysterosalpingography (HSG): It is used to access the inner architecture of the uterus to detect abnormalities in the uterine cavity. In some women, the test itself can sometimes improve fertility by flushing out and opening the fallopian tubes.

Female Infertility Treatment

Once a woman is diagnosed with Infertility, she can easily be treated with any one of the following methods, depending upon the severity of her case:

  • In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF): It is a process in which the fertilisation takes place outside the body. In short, the IVF involves the fertilisation of eggs and sperm, embryo development, embryo transfer and assists its implantation. With the advancement of technology, IVF success rates have increased significantly.
  • Laparoscopy: It is a surgical procedure that diagnoses and treats infertility in women. Laparoscopy is also used to treat endometriosis and remove scar tissue in the pelvis.
  • IVF with Donor Eggs: In cases where women are inefficient to produce on their own, the eggs are borrowed from a donor, and then after the fertilisation of sperm and ovum, the embryo is implanted inside the uterus.
  • IUI with Controlled Ovarian Stimulation: IUI also known as Intrauterine Insemination, is a fertility treatment procedure in which sperm is directly injected inside the uterus to reduce the travel time of sperm and assist in fertilisation. In certain Female Infertility cases, IUI with controlled ovarian stimulation can increase pregnancy chances.

Despite several assisted reproductive technologies and treatments, the success of any female infertility treatment depends upon a few factors like the reasons behind infertility, age, the type of technology used while treating, etc.

Medicover Fertility – Patient Testimonial

My wife and I got married four years back. From the very next year of our marriage, we started planning for our baby.  After a year of continuous trying, we understood that something wasn’t right and decided to meet a fertility specialist. After three failed IVF attempts, we had almost lost our hopes of becoming parents.

One of my friends asked me to consult a fertility specialist at Medicover Fertility. I must say that going for the treatment there was worth it. My wife got pregnant in just one IVF cycle. Today we are thankful that we chose Medicover Fertility and are blessed with the joy of Parenthood.  I would recommend it to everyone who is struggling with infertility.

CONCLUSION

Getting pregnant and delivering a baby requires the right treatment. Although female infertility and IVF are inter-related, choosing the right clinic might be a step ahead in this direction.

Medicover Fertility is known for its quality treatment to patients suffering from infertility issues. It is armed with the state-of-art infrastructure, advanced technology, and modern labs, that leads to successful fertility treatments in India and across the globe. By now, we have several proven cases of successfully treating patients with advanced infertility issues like endometriosis, fallopian tube blockage, severe male factor infertility issues etc. and has helped couples conceive pregnancy.

You can contact Medicover Fertility for your female infertility and IVF treatment and get the best advice from internationally certified and experienced fertility specialist by calling +917862800700.

 

FAQs

Q) What are common causes of Infertility due to female factors?

A) Often the most common cause of infertility in females is related to the problem with ovulation, damages to fallopian tubes or uterus, or cervical issues.

Q) What are the signs of infertility in females?

A) The common signs of infertility in women include irregular periods or spotting, pain during sex, chronic pelvic pain, etc.

Q) Can female infertility be cured?

A) Yes! There are a few of infertility treatments, depending upon the cause of infertility. Use of Assisted Reproductive Technique (ART) procedures like IVF treatment can be the best treatment available for female infertility.

Q) How to prevent Infertility in Females?

A) There are various natural ways to prevent infertility in females like eating foods rich in antioxidants, avoiding refined carbs or processed foods, limiting caffeine, having a healthy and fit routine, etc.

Q) What is the best fertility drug to get pregnant?

A) Most commonly used fertility drugs include clomiphene or gonadotropins. However, it must only be used if prescribed by doctors. Treatments can only be helpful after diagnosing the exact cause of infertility.

Q) What things to avoid when trying to get pregnant?

A) Some foods must be avoided while trying to get pregnant, like, high-mercury fish, low-fat dairy, excessive alcohol, red meat, trans fat, soda, etc.

Q) What should I eat before conceiving?

A) Before conceiving, the best advice to couples is to choose wholegrain high fibre foods instead of processed foods, have more fruits and green vegetables, including lentils and beans.

Q) When Should I go for fertility test?

A) It is recommended that women over 35 years of age should seek infertility test after 6 months of trying to get pregnant, and those below 35 years, should go for the test in case of inability to conceive after 12 months of regular unprotected intercourse.

Q) How does endometriosis decrease a woman’s fertility?

A) Endometriosis can affect infertility due to the inflammation or irritation caused due to it. Advanced endometriosis leads to the decreased functioning of pelvic organs or even result in fallopian tube blockage. However, treatments like IVF can help women conceive.

Q) When should you be concerned about not getting pregnant?

A) Usually, 90% of the couples conceive within 12 to 18 months of trying. In cases of a woman’s inability to conceive within this time, she must consult a fertility specialist and get proper guidance and treatment. Women of 35 years or above should consult a doctor after 6 months of unsuccessful attempts of pregnancy.

Q) Does period length affect fertility?

A) Consistent irregular cycles, whether less than 21 days (short) or more than 35 days (long) or skipping periods every few months can have its impact on fertility and reduce the likelihood of natural conception.

Q) Are light periods sign of infertility?

A) If the menstruation blood is regularly paler than usual, it might be a cause for concern. It is important to consult a doctor for proper guidance and treatment if required.

Q) Is it difficult to get pregnant after 30?

A) With age, fertility starts declining. The chances of getting pregnant begin to drop after 30, until 35, when after it the decline in fertility rate picks up speed.

Q) What is the best age to get pregnant?

A) Women are most fertile in their twenties. At this age, they have the best chances of getting pregnant with the highest number of good quality eggs and lowest pregnancy risks. After 35 the fertility rate starts declining.

 

References:

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1521690X1100087X

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780323479127000226

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/197367

http://www.bahrainmedicalbulletin.com/JUNE_2019/JUN2019_INFERTILITY.pdf