Environment, Lifestyle, and Fertility Issues - A Red Alert

It’s a common saying that we beget what we do in Life! Same is happening in today’s time as too much of interference with nature by human activities has resulted in compensation in the form of deterioration of health-mental, physical, reproductive etc. Its High time to keep a check on all we do and respect our nature and keep our environment clean and healthy and bless coming generations with a healthy and quality life and relieve them of all poisons and toxins mixed in the air we breathe and water and other ingredients we consume. Let’s Pledge to make Earth A HEAVEN in this birth only.

Background

Our bodies evolved to be ‘in tune’ with their environment. This connection is vital for reproduction, as birth of the young must coincide with plentiful food, and thus a high chance of survival Most mammals are therefore ‘seasonal breeders’ and switch their sexual behaviour and fertility on and off, guided by the amount of daylight (photoperiod), but influenced also by other factors, such as energy intake/balance (that is, availability of food) Although humans are not ‘seasonal breeders’ — we show sexual behaviour and reproduce all year round — our fertility is influenced profoundly by our environment, including season and food intake.

An increasing number of reports suggest that chemical and physical agents in the environment, introduced and spread by human activity, may affect male fertility in humans. Humans are exposed to many environmental agents that may be hazardous to their reproductive capacity of both males and females.

Environment, lifestyle, and infertility — it’s an inter-generational issue. The effects of adult lifestyle — primarily smoking and diet in women, and sedentary habits generally — are important factors affecting the fertility of men and women, and can also impact the fertility of their children.

Substances with potentially harmful effects on reproductive health are present in water, air, soil, dust, food, and consumer products. Individuals may encounter these toxicants in the home, community, school, or workplace.

Toxicants enter the body in one or more of three ways: inhalation, ingestion, or absorption through the skin. After entering the body, toxicants are distributed to various tissues and subject to metabolism and excretion. Toxicants, or their metabolites, travel to target organs, such as the thyroid, ovaries, or testes, where they exert biological effects.

For eg:

  • Chemical: Lead
  • Sources: Metals
  • Effects: Decreased semen quality, increased time to pregnancy, and spontaneous abortion.
  • Chemical: Hexachlorobenzene
  • Sources: Pesticides, fungicide

Effect on Males

The male reproductive function is known to be highly sensitive to many chemicals, and physical agents generated by industrial or agricultural Such agents are commonly present in some occupational activities and in the general environment.

Environmental hazards to male reproductive function were revealed 30 years ago, when pesticide manufacturers and agricultural workers in contact with the nematocide, 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP), suffered from severely impaired spermatogenesis, leading to infertility. Due to the widespread use of such chemicals, and their potential for leakage into the environment, they constitute a putative hazard to male fertility.

Effects: Development abnormalities of the male reproductive tract, increased the risk of spontaneous abortion.

Effect on Females

Reproductive toxins may contribute to a spectrum of adverse effects on reproductive health. These effects include menstrual irregularities, early or delayed puberty, infertility, subfertility, early pregnancy loss, fetal death, impaired fetal growth, low birth weight, premature birth, and structural (e.g., cardiac defect) or functional (e.g., learning disability) birth defects.