This article answers all your questions. In this, the crucial role of the fallopian tube in pregnancy is explained. You will also learn about the non-surgical and surgical methods for removing the blockage. In the end, it will also suggest you the best option available for you to get pregnant.
What is the role of the fallopian tube in pregnancy?
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A fallopian tube connects the ovaries and the uterus. The egg produced every month by either of the ovaries travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus. It is also the path through which the sperm reaches the egg and fertilizes it. After fertilization, it then travels back to the uterus through the tube, where it gets implanted and grows.
If one or both the fallopian tubes are blocked, it will prevent the sperm to reach the eggs. The eggs will also not be able to travel to the uterus. When the eggs and sperm do not meet, conceiving will become difficult. Even in the case of a partially blocked fallopian tube, there is a risk of ectopic pregnancy.
Can blockage of the fallopian tube be removed?
The treatment for the blockage of the fallopian tube depends from case to case. The best suggestion will be given by your healthcare provider. There are non-surgical as well as surgical methods for it. Fallopian tube recanalization is one of the non-surgical methods. There can be a risk of ectopic pregnancy in this procedure.
There are surgical methods as well. The scar tissue is removed during the surgery. In this, the doctor can also remove the damaged part of the fallopian tube and join the healthy parts. Two of the surgical procedures available are: -
Salpingostomy- This surgical procedure is best when the tube is blocked with hydrosalpinx. Hydrosalpinx is a fluid build-up in the fallopian tube. In this procedure, a small hole is made in the tube close to the ovary. The fluid is then drained from that hole, thus, allowing the fallopian tube to be functional again. The only risk in this procedure is a blockage due to scar tissue from after the surgery.
Salpingostomy- In this procedure, the damaged or scar tissues are removed. Another name for this procedure is tubal ligation reversal. After the removal of the blocked pat, the two healthy parts of the tube are reconnected.
Even though this procedure will remove the blockage, the chances of getting pregnant are very slim. Moreover, there can be the possibility of complications such as infection, adhesions, bleeding, injury to other reproductive organs, or even ectopic pregnancy.
What are the chances of getting pregnant after surgery?
Even after the surgery, there is no guarantee that you will get pregnant. The chances of conceiving greatly depend on the location of the blockage and its severity. Other factors that play a very important role are the age of the woman, other fertility-related issues, and sperm health.
Wait! It does not mean that you cannot get pregnant at all. There are Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ARTs), especially IVF treatment, that will work the best for you. Want to know how?
How can you get pregnant with blocked fallopian tubes?
Even after the surgical treatment, if you are not able to conceive, then the best option is in vitro fertilization (IVF). In the IVF procedure, eggs are retrieved from the woman’s body directly from the ovaries. This is done after proper testing, ovulation stimulation, and as per the menstrual cycle of the woman.
The sperm is then taken from the male partner. The sperm and the egg are then fertilized in the lab setting. The embryo so formed is then transferred to the woman’s uterus, where it gets implanted. The success rate of getting pregnant through an IVF procedure is higher than that done without the procedure.
To conclude, you have seen that the fallopian tube plays a crucial role in getting pregnant. If there is any damage or blockage in the fallopian tube, it can become quite difficult to conceive. Even though there are treatments, both non-surgical and surgical, that will help in removing the blockage. However, there is no assurance of pregnancy after the surgery.
To enjoy parenthood even after blocked fallopian tubes, IVF is the best path. The chances of getting pregnant increase by a huge margin if you undergo an IVF procedure. If you have any other doubts about how it works or if it is the best for you, feel free to call us at +918929000288. Our fertility experts will be happy to help you. For more information, visit Medicover Fertility.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Where does the egg go if fallopian tubes are blocked?
Even if one fallopian tube is blocked, there are chances of getting pregnant. However, if both are blocked, you will not be able to conceive naturally unless one is unblocked. Nonetheless, you will still ovulate.
Can block fallopian tubes open naturally?
No, there is no scientific evidence that suggests that a blocked fallopian tube will open naturally. The blockage can be either removed by surgical or non-surgical procedure. Even after the surgery, the chances of getting pregnant without any ART are slim.
What are the signs of blocked fallopian tubes?
Most women with blocked fallopian tubes do not experience any symptoms. However, some of them might feel general pelvic pain, pain during sex, or fever. In rare of rare cases, one will feel nauseous or severe pain in the lower abdomen.